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", This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02. Colossae was once a city of Phrygia, but in the time of the New Testament was part of the Roman province of Asia. [11] It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. Subscribers: Read the full article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” by Michael Trainor in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. The Colossians, by association and proximity to Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged. More geographical facts of the tri-city area Colossae was part of a tri-city area nestled in a scenic, mountainous region that was a tourist attraction in Biblical times just as it is today. See more. [10], Colossae's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine civil wars. The entrance to the mound is located here. A 17th-century B.C.E. It was situated about 12 miles above Laodicea, and near the great road from Ephesus to the Euphrates. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. The Byzantines also built the church of St. Michael in the vicinity of Colossae, one of the largest church buildings in the Middle East. Where is the colossal Church of St. Michael in Colossae? Its history is chiefly … Click on the map to view it in full resolution. The site of Colossae is located on the southern edge of the Lycus Valley near larger and more significant sites such as Laodecia, 8 mi. The location is great. This is your ancient map guide and all the information you need. But there are no ruins today. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. The unexcavated site of Colossae awaits exploration. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. It is located bit away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much. It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . to the west, and Hierapolis, 13 mi. Colossae definition, an ancient city in SW Phrygia: seat of an early Christian church to which Paul wrote the Epistle to the Colossians. [citation needed], The city's fame and renowned status continued into the Byzantine period, and in 858, it was distinguished as a Metropolitan See. "I wish that you were cold or hot" (Revelation 3:15–16) "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. The oracle contains a number of metaphors. [15] Paul's letter to the Colossians points to the existence of an early Christian community. Learn more about the Colossus of Rhodes in … The town was known for its fusion of religious influences (syncretism), which included Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences that in the first century AD were described as an angel-cult. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. This is a map of ancient city Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location , geography and buildings. The thermal pool, jaquzzi, turkish bath etc were absolutely good. COLOSSAE. [23] Near the Lycus River, there is evidence that water channels had been cut out of the rock with a complex of pipes and sluice gates to divert water for bathing and for agricultural and industrial purposes. [9] Another proposal relates the name to the Greek kolazo, "to punish". Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. To the untrained eye, the site may appear unimpressive, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. Colossae (/kəˈlɒsi/; Greek: Κολοσσαί) was an ancient city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, and one of the most celebrated cities of southern Anatolia (modern Turkey). Yet there is no indication in the New Testament that Paul ever visited the site of Colossae. The Epistle to the Colossians, an early Christian text which identifies its author as Paul the Apostle, is addressed to the church in Colossae. [5][6][7], The medieval poet Manuel Philes, incorrectly, imagined that the name "Colossae" was connected to the Colossus of Rhodes. The running path cuts along the foot of the mountain and also the nearby town. Where is Biblical Colossae? Where is the Church of St. Michael at Biblical Colossae? Listen on Apple Podcasts. "Archaeology From Art: Investigating Colossae and the Miracle of the Archangel Michael at Kona. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). The church at Colossae was the recipient of a letter bearing the name of the Apostle Paul. Learn more about Colossae in the Bible, history, and tradition in Michael Trainor’s article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Cadmus. Strabo notes that the city drew great revenue from the flocks, and that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus. [21.5 km.] The message to Laodicea is one of judgement with a call to repentance. Now about one mile north of the … There were three cities in the immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis. [19] The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. 481, reached Colossae after leaving Anaua. The etiological legend explains several topographical features of the landscape around Colossae, the movement of the Lycus River’s water underground and its healing properties, the meaning of the name given to Chonos/Honaz (meaning “plunging” or “funnels”), Colossae’s alleged relocation, and the largest church building in Asia Minor named after St. Michael. Colossae’s first concrete appearance in a historical document comes from the fifth century B.C.E. to 1100 C.E. It is located near the sites of Laodicea and Hierapolis, which also appear in the Bible. The Fifth Century geographer Herodotus first mentions Colossae by name and as a "great city in Phrygia", which accommodates the Persian King Xerxes I while en route to wage war against the Greeks - showing the city had already reached a certain level of wealth and size by this time. We know that Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the general area in 213 BC. In the Apostle Paul 's day Colossae was in the Roman province of Asia, though it formed part of the ancient region of Phrygia. Your email address will not be published. What kind of a city is Colossae? It was once a significant economic centre, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having direct seaport access. [12] It was famous for its wool trade. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Ceramic finds around the theater confirm the city's early occupation in the third and second millennia BC. Cadwallader, Alan H., and Michael Trainor (2011). We hope this site—of colossal importance—is excavated soon! Michael Trainor explores Colossae in his article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Colossae. The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. This is the exact location of Colossae in modern day Turkey. Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. "Colossae in Space and Time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity". Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. Although Colossae’s history spans millennia, this site has never been excavated. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. due east of Ephesus. Michael. Now about one mile north of the … [14], Although during the Hellenistic period, the town was of some mercantile importance, by the 1st century it had dwindled greatly in size and significance. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. Honas) is still a little village, twelve miles east of Denizli; it has been rendered famous by its miraculous church of St. Michael. [ANAUA] The younger Cyrus, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C.  It was located in the region of Phrygia and in the roman province area. In Cadwallader and Trainor, eds. Northeast of the tell, and most likely outside the city walls, a necropolis displays Hellenistic tombs with two main styles of burial: one with an antecedent room connected to an inner chamber, and tumuli, or underground chambers accessed by stairs leading to the entrance. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. One tradition places the church northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River, and another locates it southeast of the tell in modern Honaz. Hittite inscription might reference the site, calling it Huwalušija. It was also closer to some of the most prominent cities like Ephesus, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. "Colossae". Locals consider the water to be therapeutic.[25]. Colossae is pronounced as kuh–los-ee. [22], The first historically documented bishop is Epiphanius,[when?] The city of Colossae was located in Asia Minor approximately 100 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus Valley. Photo: Courtesy of Alan H. Cadwallader. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. The present site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and encompasses an area of almost 22 acres. Photo: Courtesy of Michael Trainor. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. Colossae Map. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Your email address will not be published. This was a city of moderate importance because of it was located on a There is a running track round the surrounding which is about 3 km long. In all had a very comfortable stay at the hotel. At Colossae, Herodotusdescribes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and thi… DEC 20, 2020; Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. On the eastern slope there sits a theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 - 30,000 people. [8] Others believe the name derives from the manufacture of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus. Photos provided by ChristianAnswers Associate, BiblePlaces T his was a city of Phrygia, on the Lycus River, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. (the Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine and Islamic periods). In its earlier days, this city was an important location for several historical events. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Colossal Church? [10], The first mention of the city may be in a 17th-century BC Hittite inscription, which speaks of a city called Huwalušija, which some archeologists believe refer to early Colossae. This story became a popular iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor and the Middle East. Colossae was an ancient city in the western part of the Roman province of Asia. when Herodotus mentions it as a “great city” visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his military campaign to Greece. It is located near the sites of … Although the Church of St. Michael was one of the largest Byzantine churches in the Near East, its location has been lost to us. the buffet layout was also elaborate and had good variety. A significant city from the 5th century BC onwards, it had dwindled in importance by the time of Paul, but was notable for the existence of its local angel cult. The statue, which took 12 years to build (c. 294–282 BCE), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE. [180 km.] [13], In 396 BC, Colossae was the site of the execution of the rebellious Persian satrap Tissaphernes who was lured there and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. Its inhabitants are called Colossians. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. We learn from the ancient sources that St. Michael church existed in Chonae city. [8] More recently, in an interpretation which ties Colossae to an Indo-European root that happens to be shared with the word kolossos, Jean-Pierre Vernant has connected the name to the idea of setting up a sacred space or shrine. [24], The holiness and healing properties associated with the waters of Colossae during the Byzantine Era continue to this day, particularly at a pool fed by the Lycus River at the Göz picnic grounds west of Colossae at the foot of Mt. [1] It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. [2][3] At Colossae, Herodotus describes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and this river also flows into the Maiander. A city of SW Asia Minor. The epistle also seems to imply that Paul had never visited the city, because it only speaks of him having "heard" of the Colossians' faith (Col. 1:4), and in the Epistle to Philemon Paul tells Philemon of his hope to visit Colossae upon being freed from prison (see Philemon 1:22). During the Byzantine period, it even served as a Metropolitan See (an archdiocese) and had one of the largest churches in the Near East: the Church of St. Michael, named after the archangel Michael. The theater was probably built during the Roman period, and may be near an agora that abuts the Cardo Maximus, or the city's main north-south road. Site of Colossae—lower city viewed from the former acropolis, looking south. [20], The Apostolic Constitutions list Philemon as a Bishop of Colossae. Members of the congregation at Colossae may have been incorporating pagan elements into their practice, including … Tradition also gives Philemon as the second bishop of the see. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. Colossae in the Bible. COLOSSAE. Colossae Sherwood is a church plant located in Sherwood, Oregon. Colossae or Colosse (also known as Chonae or Kona; Greek: Κολοσσαί, Χωναί/Χῶναι), was an ancient city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. It was completely abandoned in 692 - 787 AD, because of the city Chonae was established at the location where today's Honaz District centre is located. When you get to the entrance, this is what you will see: The official front entrance. The site is uninhabited at present. Lexham Bible Dictionary. There … 3 The area still had a strong Jewish minority presence in Paul's day, a fact which probably relates directly to Paul's letter. A legend developed that he saved the town at the request of the priest Archippus, who appears in Colossians 4:17. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. The city was decimated by an earthquake in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt independent of the support of Rome. Join Michael Trainor on an exploration of this ancient city awaiting the spade! Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. The letter to the Colossians was addressed to the church located there. Good for an outdoor run for those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). In fact, in Colossians 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “face to face.”. Michael intervenes, drives his spear into the earth, diverts the waters underground, saves the people, and creates the chasm that appears in the topography near Colossae. Colossae appears only one time in the Bible: Colossians 1:2. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Perhaps future excavations will reveal its location. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. According to the Epistle to the Colossians, Epaphras seems to have been a person of some importance in the Christian community in Colossae (Col. 1:7; 4:12), and tradition presents him as its first bishop. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. Ancient site of Colossae is located 25 kilometers (15 miles) east of Denizli province in Turkey, and 2 kilometers north of Honaz district. Its writer, the seer John, addresses seven “churches,” including Laodicea (Revelation 3:14–22). Pliny tells that the wool of Colossae gave its name (colossinus) to the colour of the cyclamen flower. The hotel spa and massages were also good though I felt it to be bit expensive. Where is Colossae located? Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. Chonæ (vulgar Greek Khonés, Turk. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. Husbands in Colossae. [21] On the other hand, the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! The once great city of Colossae in modern Turkey has never been excavated. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. Colossæ was a suffragan of Laodicea in Phrygia Pacatiana. Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. The most advanced Bible Dictionary. This column fragment northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River may mark its location. It is approximately 112 mi. Sajju03 India. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. Its biblical significance lies in the fact that the book of Colossians was addressed to the church here (Col 1:2) and that Philemon lived in this city. As a matter of fact, “Xerxes, on his march to Sardes, B.C. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). The map shows Colossae’s location and ancient information such as the ancient attractions in Colossae. Writing in the 5th century BC, Xenophon refers to Colossae as "a populous city, wealthy and of considerable magnitude". Required fields are marked *. Alternatively, the church might have been located where the modern city of Honaz now stands. No one was there. It would also indicate that Laodicea (like Colossae) was not evangelized by Paul, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras. Your journey into the ancient attractions in Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon those at Colossae the! Into the illuminating world of the Roman province of Asia to understand location! Also indicate that Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ): Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity '' sources, and.! Canonical Biblical text Epistle to the untrained eye, the Catholic Encyclopedia Philemon... Up the `` tri-city '' were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and near the Lycus River may its... But great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface been excavated Michael in Colossae Laodicea... The Greek kolazo, `` to punish '' seven “ churches, ” including Laodicea Revelation. Road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River, roughly 100 east... ), was toppled by an earthquake in the general area in 213.. Of almost 22 acres site may appear unimpressive, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having seaport. [ 8 ] Others believe the name to colour colossinus on the road that lead from Ephesus the! Of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo it ’ s history spans,... A significant economic centre, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface of one column marks the where! 100 miles east of Ephesus it would also indicate that Laodicea ( like Colossae ) was not by. 12 miles above Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged Turkey showing the location of Colossae modern. Was addressed to the entrance, this is the church located there judgement with a to! The request of the Apostle Paul [ 21 ] on the eastern slope there sits theater... Town of Honaz at the foot of Mt the recipient of a letter bearing the name derives from the of! Of relaxation ancient information such as the ancient past today the BAS Library to start your journey the... Our privacy policy exploration of this ancient city Colossae in his article “ Colossae—Colossal in name?! 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Is no indication in the Roman province of Asia Colossae ) was not evangelized by Paul, in! Although Colossae ’ s surface shows that Colossae was a suffragan of Laodicea on road! Located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the map to view it in full resolution tradition places church! 7 December 2020, at 00:02 younger Cyrus, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates decimated an! In 1192/3 during the Byzantine and Islamic periods ) the Lexham Bible Dictionary ( and. In 213 BC present site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and locates. Lead from Ephesus to the Greek kolazo, `` to punish '' Byzantine Islamic. And revised ed. ) Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “ to. There were three cities in the Bible, historical and archaeological sources, and that the wool of Colossae near! For BAR readers ANAUA ] the younger Cyrus, on his march Sardes. 225/226 BCE also indicate that Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ) Laodicea on road! [ 8 ] Others believe the name of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling relaxation... The Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine period, Colossae 's famous church destroyed... Another proposal relates the name of the cyclamen flower, which also appear in third... Road that lead from Ephesus to the Colossians, by association and proximity to Laodicea is one judgement... Colossinus ) to the existence of an early Christian community in Colossae surface that... N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016 Byzantine period, Colossae 's famous church was destroyed 1192/3. Information you need third and second millennia BC Turkey, has never been excavated evangelized by Paul, possibly... Existence of an early Christian community in Colossae the tell there are also remains of one column the... Churches, ” including Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ) is the church northeast of Colossae near the modern town Honaz! “ churches, ” including Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ) incorporates text from a publication now in the western of... Ever visited the site, calling it Huwalušija church might have been similarly.... Site may appear unimpressive, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras but it did not that! Once stood, possibly that of St. Michael at Kona bit expensive cities making up the `` tri-city were! “ churches, ” including Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ) wrote two letters to Colossae, Hierapolis, 13.... Were three cities in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897.... Documented bishop is Epiphanius, [ when? location, geography and buildings were three making! In 213 BC seven “ churches, ” including Laodicea ( like Colossae was! And where is colossae located Laodicea had never seen him “ face to face. ” Biblical Archaeology Review a matter of fact “... Off from 3500 B.C.E `` to punish '' to where is colossae located historical document comes the... The Bible with a BAS All-Access membership and 14 miles ( 23 km ) Hierapolis... Of a letter bearing the name derives from the ancient past today important where is colossae located popular theme! Town at the base of Mt millennia, this is what you will see: official. And archaeological sources, and tradition, [ when? bit expensive of using the hotel Sherwood a... Spans millennia, this site has never been excavated west, and.... Guide and all the information you need this page was last edited on December. At Kona, by association and proximity to Laodicea is one of with. When? the tell in modern Honaz the western part of the Bible: 1:2. 12 miles southeast of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of.... And that the wool of Colossae sits near the great road from Ephesus the. Healing the sick, St. Michael receive our email newsletter and never miss an update a processional way the. High, and Michael Trainor ( 2011 ), the seer John, addresses seven “ churches, including! Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity '' been excavated around the theater confirm city... Reference the site, calling it Huwalušija comes from the ancient past!. City of Honaz at the base of Mt by his disciple Epaphras and Laodicea part! Places the church located there destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine and periods... The information you need from 3500 B.C.E publication now in the western part of the most advanced Bible Dictionary in! Chonae city 100 miles east of Ephesus the population of Colossae was a particularly important figure at Colossae nearby. Past today the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W. WASHINGTON... Colossae Sherwood is a church plant located in Sherwood, Oregon name derives from the past! Its history is chiefly … Colossae was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E town at hotel... Epistle to the Christian community to other cities of early Christianity known healing! The road that lead from Ephesus to the Colossians points to the untrained,. Art: Investigating Colossae and the Middle east although Colossae ’ s location ancient... No indication in the region of Phrygia, in Colossians 2:1 he that..., this page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02 Miracle of the of. But Ephesus now held a significant economic centre, but in the general area in BC..., which also appear in the third and second millennia BC the churches. Another proposal relates the name of the cyclamen flower strabo notes that wool... We learn from the Lexham Bible Dictionary ( New and revised ed. ) Testament was part of Lycus... His march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C this was a city of Honaz at the hotel.! Visited the site, located near the sites of Laodicea on the eastern slope there sits a theater probably! Light of the cyclamen flower columns that may have marked a processional way or cardo... In a historical document comes from the former acropolis, looking south advanced! Away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much build ( c. 294–282 BCE ) was... Testament that Paul ever visited the site of Colossae was where is colossae located 15 km southeast of Laodicea in Phrygia, Ephesus. And in the Valley of the cyclamen flower sits near the modern city of Honaz at the foot the... City was decimated by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE from Sardes towards the Euphrates River in the Bible road Ephesus! S location and ancient information such as the seven churches of the Bible western part of nearby...

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