The trigger for the explosion was an MST-13 timer of the single solder mask variety. I think that we have accomplished a lot, and that, to me, is how I have been able to handle it., With scholarships and endowments, Johnsons wife, Carole, added, we have been able to fulfill some of Beth Anns dreams for other people. , Aboard the flight were U.S. Department of State Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) Special Agents Daniel Emmett O'Connor and Ronald Albert Lariviere. The same source claims that, following this, "the shaking stopped and to his surprise he was uninjured". Terrific heat, he recalled. The attack on Pan Am flight 103 killed 270 people, including 190 Americans.  The letter stated that it "accepted responsibility for the actions of its officials". The nose cone was briefly held on by a band of metal, but facing aft, like the lid of a can. What are the grounds for compassionate leave from prison? He had carried the child into the town hall. He was among those who answered the emergency call and sped east from the Dumfries stationhouse. All 259 people on board were killed, as well as 11 people in the town of . Some of the 196 bodies found so far did contain shrapnel, he said. Each year, the university names 35 Remembrance Scholars, one for every student who died. Colin Dorrance was on duty outside the town hall when a farmer drove down from the hills in a pick-up truck with debris from Pan Am 103 and, placed in the front seat, the body of a young girl. For Dick Marquise, who had been in charge of the FBIs investigation, and other investigators who worked tirelessly on behalf of the victims, the trials results were decidedly mixed. , On 23 February 2011, amidst the Libyan Civil War, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, former Libyan Justice Minister (and later member and Chairman of the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council), alleged that he had evidence that Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, had personally ordered Abdelbaset al-Megrahi to bomb Pan Am Flight 103. After a three-year investigation in which the FBI and Scottish authorities worked hand in hand, the British and American governments in November 1991 announced indictments and warrants for the arrests of Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah. Lockerbie is changed. They believed he must have died horrifically in the appalling devastation of the main fuselage crash site in Lockerbie where most of the passengers were found. They turned up in a sports car and made me feel quite uneasy. The people of Lockerbie managed the catastrophe with laudable skill. Mum had been so worried about him dying alone in the cold of the Scottish countryside. All 259 on board die, and 11 on ground. Both organizations share as much information as possible with the familiesanother lesson the FBI learned from the tragedy. The fuselage continued moving forward and down until it reached 19,000ft (5,800m), when its dive became nearly vertical. Before they submitted their report, the PCAST members met a group of British PA103 relatives at the US embassy in London on 12 February 1990. (5 minutes) LOCKERBIE, ScotlandThe sky rained fire on a chill December night here in 1988. The Lockerbie bombing, as it came to be known, took 270 lives that evening of Dec. 21, 1988, killing everyone aboard along with 11 residents in the small Scottish town. The Lockerbie bombing took place on December 21, 1988, when Pan Am Flight 103 was blown out of the sky. Dec. 21, 1988: Pan Am Flight 103 explodes 31,000 feet over Lockerbie, Scotland, 38 minutes after takeoff from London. Lord Sutherland, sitting with two other judges, listened as Mr Topp described how at 7.02pm he first noticed a radar abnormality with Pan Am flight 103.  Two online petitions were started: one calling for a UK public inquiry into the Lockerbie bombing; the other a UN inquiry into the murder of UN Commissioner for Namibia, Bernt Carlsson, in the 1988 Lockerbie bombing. Thats the most important thing you can do. That was a tall order, considering that assisting federal crime victims at all was a fairly new concept. Written to Lord Fraser of Carmyllie Scotlands senior law officer it copied in PM Margaret Thatcher and raised concerns at families joining together to seek the truth. , On 13 December, the warning was posted on bulletin boards in the US Embassy in Moscow and eventually distributed to the entire American community there, including journalists and businessmen.  Beginning at the age of 22 in 1973, he began working with bombs for the Libyan intelligence service for the next 38 years. , In a July 2021 interview, Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam said that his father "had stopped riding his horse after the humiliation of the American bombing of Tripoli in 1986 and resumed riding it after the Lockerbie bombing.". The level of collaboration at the trial between the FBI, Department of Justice, and other federal law enforcement agencies, along with Scottish partnerswho had already set a remarkable example of compassion toward victims in the aftermath of the bombingforged a connection between family members, investigators, and victim advocates that exists to this day. 2023 Getty Images. I don't know if many of us could have survived if we didn't have each other, said Glenn Johnson, a Pennsylvania resident whose 21-year-old daughter, Beth Ann, was killed in the bombing. This year marks the 30th anniversary. Pan Am flight 103, also called Lockerbie bombing, flight of a passenger airliner operated by Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) that exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland, on December 21, 1988, after a bomb was detonated. While in Lockerbie, 7 years after the flight, she meets the women who witnessed and were affected by the crash itself while she attempts to find closure. . Thirty-five Syracuse students returning home from a study abroad program were killed on the flight, and the university vowed never to forget them. All 270 passengers and crew members on the plane were. , Allegations have been made that the UK government and BP sought Al-Megrahi's release as part of a trade deal with Libya. It offered us some comfort to know my fathers body had been looked after, to hope that he had lost consciousness and that his experience of what happened to him was minimal.  Following the Lockerbie verdict in 2001 and the appeal in 2002, attempts have been made to re-open the case amid allegations that Libya was framed. "I now know the person I need to remember. Now retired, the 48-year-old is one of five men representing the emergency services who are taking part in a transatlantic fundraising bike ride to mark the 30th anniversary. Investigators from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) concluded that no emergency procedures had been started in the cockpit. Back then, these wreckage-littered fields six miles outside the Scottish town bore witness to the horrifying bombing of Pan-Am flight 103 in the skies above. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). And its still happening.. More U.S. civilians died in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland than in any other terrorist attack except 9/11. Victims of Pan Am Flight 103, Inc. holds one of its annual meetings during Remembrance Week, and every year FBI and Scottish investigators and prosecutors brief the group on the status of the case. Shortly after Mueller became FBI Director in 2001just days before the 9/11 attackshe asked Turman to establish a new Office for Victim Assistance at the FBI. November 1991: Libyans Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah accused. The 259 people on board the New York-bound Boeing 747 are killed, along with . Thats the only way you are going to prevent attacks and solve attacks. More than 10,000 pieces of debris were retrieved, tagged, and entered into a computer tracking system. Speaking after he arrived at Edinburgh Castle, Colin said: "I was thinking about Bryony today. Two of the victims of the Lockerbie disaster may have initially survived the explosion, a report suggests. , The anonymous warning was taken seriously by the US government and the State Department cabled the bulletin to dozens of embassies. Instead, the judges announced on January 30 that the verdict would be read the next day at 11 a.m. Turman raced out of the courtroom. Lockerbie bombing suspect in US custody. When, however, the evidence regarding the clothing, the purchaser, and the timer is taken with the evidence that an unaccompanied bag was taken from KM180 to PA103A, the inference that that was the primary suitcase becomes, in our view, irresistible. Hundreds of family members traveled to the Netherlands during the nine-month trial. 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Air traffic control tried to make contact with the flight, with no response. It is the first time that any of the states designated as sponsors of terrorism have offered compensation to families of terror victims." Dad was cremated so we dont have a grave or marker to visit. , On 28 June 2007, the SCCRC announced its decision to refer Megrahi's case to the High Court for a second appeal against conviction. Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit via a stopover in London and another in New York City. Hugh mentioned Dads dark hair and asked whether his children had it too. Thirty years ago, the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 sent a shock wave around the world. 270 people were killed, including 11 people in the town. Heres what you need to know about the deadliest terrorist attack to have taken place in the United Kingdom. The 200,000lb (91,000kg) of jet fuel ignited by the impact started fires, which destroyed several additional houses. A last treasured picture of Laurie Ciulla and her father Frank, who died in the Lockerbie disaster, Five of Frank's grandchildren at the fields where he was found, The grandchildren say they feel connected to Frank when they visit the place he was found, Farmer Hugh Connell discovered Frank six miles from Lockerbie still strapped to his seat, Police guard the wreckage of the Lockerbie Bombing in 1988, Jim Swire and John Mosey say they will fight for justice. , It was announced in April 2013 that part of the wreckage was transferred to a secure location in Dumfries, Scotland, and that it remains evidence in the ongoing criminal investigation. the Lockerbie bombing killed . Oliver Revell, the FBI's Executive Assistant Director, was assigned to advise and assist PCAST in their task.. Despite the passage of three decades, noted Mike McGarrity, who leads the Bureaus Counterterrorism Division, the FBI does not forget.  Several of the victims families refused to accept compensation due to their belief that Libya was not responsible. First Officer Raymond R. Wagner (52), a pilot with Pan Am since 1966 with almost 5,500 hours in the 747 and a total of nearly 12,000 hours, had previously served eight years in the New Jersey National Guard. 270 people were killed in the air and on the ground when Pan Am Flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie in 1988 (Image: Daily Record) Two police officers at nose cone of aeroplane that crashed in Lockerbie A family of four was killed when their house at 15 Sherwood Crescent exploded. [Oliver_ FBI's Oliver "Buck" Revell served as Advisor to PCAST]. In October 2008 it was announced that Megrahi was suffering from terminal cancer, and in August 2009, he was released from a Scottish prison on compassionate grounds. A further US$2million would have gone to each family had the US State Department removed Libya from its list of states regarded as supporting international terrorism, but as this did not happen by the deadline set by Libya, the Libyan Central Bank withdrew the remaining US$540million in April 2005 from the escrow account in Switzerland through which the earlier US$2.16billion compensation for the victims' families had been paid. On 23 September 2003, Megrahi applied to the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission (SCCRC) for his conviction to be reviewed, and on 28 June 2007, the SCCRC announced its decision to refer the case to the High Court of Justiciary in Edinburgh after it found he "may have suffered a miscarriage of justice". , On 3 May 2000, the trial of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and Lamin Khalifah Fhimah began. This has always been regarded as a joint investigation with our FBI colleagues, said Stuart Cossar, the Police Scotland investigator. "Until we heard their story, I thought my dad had possibly had a fiery death, but he was relatively unmarked when he was found. He would later lead a team of investigators that followed the evidence to Malta. His survival beyond the approximate "three-month" prognosis generated some controversy. Streamline your workflow with our best-in-class digital asset management system. On 14 March 2002, Lord Cullen took less than three minutes to deliver the decision of the High Court of Judiciary. The Scottish Government had already rejected an independent inquiry, saying it lacks the constitutional power to examine the international dimensions of the case.. They were laid to rest in a single coffin in the West Wales village of Pendine, Carmarthenshire. Within days, the FrankfurtLondonNew YorkDetroit route was being served by Pan Am Flight 3 until the company's demise in 1991. August 2003: UN sanctions lifted against Libya after Tripoli accepts blame and compensates families. The signatories considered that a UN inquiry could help remove "many of the deep misgivings which persist in lingering over this tragedy" and could also eliminate Malta from this terrorist act. Now, in their verdant peacefulness, they tell the story of a remarkable transatlantic friendship that blossomed out of a terrifying nightmare. On Dec. 21, 1988, Pan Am Flight 103, en route from London's Heathrow Airport to New York, exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing all 243 passengers, 16 crew members and 11 people on the ground. On December 21, Pan Am 103 was beginning the second leg of its Frankfurt-London-New York-Detroit route. Shortly after finishing his longtime run at the job, Mas'ud was arrested and imprisoned in Misurata, Libya before being moved to Al-Hadba prison in Tripoli, which happened shortly after the fall of Colonel el-Qaddafi in 2011. , At Cornell University funds from the Libyan payment were used to establish a memorial professorship in honor of student Kenneth J. The work consists of 43 nude statues of the wives and mothers who lost a husband or a child.  US State Department spokesman, Sean McCormack, called the move a "laudable milestone clearing the way for a continued and expanding US-Libyan partnership. Of the 270 total fatalities, 190 were American citizens and 43 were British citizens. . The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. It looked as though they were asleep, it wasn't obviously injured, and it was just a shock to realise it was a passenger from Pan Am 103. I hope that the contents of this letter underline some of the reasons as to why I cannot possibly accept that any inquiry should be limited to Scotland, and I apologise if my previous personal letter of 24 August misled you over the main focus that the inquiry will need to address. In 2003, Gaddafi accepted Libya's responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing and paid compensation to the families of the victims, although he maintained that he had never given the order for the attack. Examination of the baggage containers revealed that the container nearest the hole had blackening, pitting, and severe damage, indicating a "high-energy event" had taken place inside it. Can Nigeria's election result be overturned? The other man, Lamin Khalifa Fhimah, was acquitted. When you consider that some of the most critical exhibits, or productions, of the case were found 80 miles from Lockerbie, Cossar said, it shows you the scale of the search., A crime scene for me was normally a house or a room or a field with a person lying in it, said Bell, whose sector included the hard-hit Rosebank neighborhood. Within minutes of running outside with his father, their home had burned to the ground. A Lockerbie disaster victims grandchildren gaze reflectively across the quiet land where their granddad died in Britains worst terrorist attack 30 years ago. It was like it was made of butter, and it was dripping.. Access the best of Getty Images with our simple subscription plan. You could see how much time had passed. Listen to article. The captain, first officer, flight engineer, a flight attendant and several first-class passengers were found still strapped to their seats inside the nose section when it crashed in Tundergarth. Later, on 23 March 1986, a Libyan Navy patrol boat was sunk in the Gulf of Sidra, followed by the sinking of another Libyan vessel on 25 March 1986.  A group of US intelligence specialists was on board the flight.  In Sherwood Crescent there is a garden of remembrance to the seven Lockerbie residents killed when the aircraft's main wreckage fell there, destroying their homes.. , On the day of the bombing, the French Directorate-General for External Security was informed by their British counterpart that the UK suspected the Libyans to be behind the bombing.. Its clear we were considered to be a mischief.. For the families of the victims of Pan Am Flight 103, Lockerbie and its residents will forever hold a place in their hearts. Tap into Getty Images' global scale, data-driven insights, and network of more than 340,000 creators to create content exclusively for your brand. "It was the body of a child he'd found in a field at the back of his farm," he said. One such incident created an explosion that witnesses likened to a mushroom cloud, and left a crater approximately 40 feet deep where, moments before, residential homes had stood in the town of Lockerbie, the agent said in the affadavit. He became a senior investigating officer on the case and was the person who arrested al-Megrahi and Fhimah. French investigative journalist Pierre Pan accused Thomas Thurman, a Federal Bureau of Investigation explosives expert, of fabricating false evidence against Libya in both the Pan Am Flight 103 and UTA Flight 772 sabotages.